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How to return multiple values from a function in oracle pl/sql ? (without using out parameter)
 
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This video demonstrates how a function can return multiple values to the calling environment, but without using multiple out parameters, the video shows an example on how we can create a object, a nested table based on the object and then returning the nested table type from the function.
Views: 22528 Kishan Mashru
Oracle DECODE Function
 
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https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-decode-function/ The Oracle DECODE function lets you perform IF-THEN-ELSE functionality in your queries. It’s similar to a CASE statement. The syntax of the DECODE function is: DECODE ( expression, search, result [, search, result]... [,default] ) The parameters of the Oracle DECODE function are: - expression (mandatory): This is the value to compare. - search (mandatory): This is the value to compare against the expression. - result (mandatory): This is the return value if the search value matches the expression value. There can be multiple combinations of search and result values, and the result value is attached to the previous search value. - default (optional): If none of the search values match, then this value is returned. If this is not provided, the DECODE function will return NULL if no matches are found. If you compare this to an IF-THEN-ELSE statement, it would look like this: IF (expression = search) THEN result [ELSE IF (expression = search) THEN result] ELSE default END IF The parameters can be one of many different data types, and the return type is calculated from them. Earlier I mentioned it’s similar to CASE. So why would you use one and not the other? - DECODE is an older function, and CASE was introduced as a replacement for DECODE. - CASE offers more flexibility then DECODE - CASE is also easier to read and debug (in my opinion) The performance of these functions is the same, so if you’re considering using DECODE, I would suggest using CASE instead. For more information about the Oracle DECODE function, including all of the SQL shown in this video and the examples, read the related article here: https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-decode-function/
Views: 995 Database Star
Stored procedure output parameters or return values   Part 20
 
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In this video we will 1. Understand what are stored procedure return values 2. Difference between stored procedure return values and output parameters 3. When to use output parameters over return values Text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2012/08/stored-procedure-output-parameters-or.html Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2013/08/part-20-stored-procedure-output.html All SQL Server Text Articles http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/free-sql-server-video-tutorials-for.html All SQL Server Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/sql-server.html All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in English https://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists?view=1&sort=dd All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in Arabic https://www.youtube.com/c/KudvenkatArabic/playlists
Views: 294265 kudvenkat
Oracle DUMP Function
 
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https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-dump/ The Oracle DUMP function tells you the data type of an expression you specify. Specifically, this function returns a string that explains what type of data it is, along with the length, and an internal representation. The syntax of the DUMP function is: DUMP ( expression [, return_format] [, start_position] [, length] ) The parameters of this function are: - expression: this is the expression that will be looked at and will have information displayed from this function. It can be a column or any other kind of expression. - return_format: this is the format of the data to return. - start_position: this is the starting position of the expression to return the internal representation for. Does not impact the data type shown. - length: this is the length from the start_position that the internal representation of the expression is shown for. The DUMP function returns a VARCHAR2 data type. For more information about the Oracle DUMP function, including all of the SQL shown in this video and the examples, read the related article here: https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-dump/
Views: 143 Database Star
Use NOCOPY to Improve Performance
 
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The NOCOPY parameter hint tells the PL/SQL compiler to pass OUT and IN-OUT parameters "by reference" (meaning: do not copy in, nor copy out). The result is better performance and reduced PGA consumption. ====================================== Practically Perfect PL/SQL with Steven Feuerstein Copyright © 2015 Oracle and/or its affiliates. Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Other names may be registered trademarks of their respective owners. Oracle disclaims any warranties or representations as to the accuracy or completeness of this recording, demonstration, and/or written materials (the “Materials”). The Materials are provided “as is” without any warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including without limitation warranties or merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, and non-infringement.
LAST VALUE function in SQL Server
 
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last_value function in sql server 2008 sql server last_value function returns incorrect data sql server last_value function example sql server last_value function with partition example LAST_VALUE function in SQL Server In this video we will discuss LAST_VALUE function in SQL Server. LAST_VALUE function Introduced in SQL Server 2012 Retrieves the last value from the specified column ORDER BY clause is required PARTITION BY clause is optional ROWS or RANGE clause is optional, but for it to work correctly you may have to explicitly specify a value Syntax : LAST_VALUE(Column_Name) OVER (ORDER BY Col1, Col2, ...) LAST_VALUE function not working as expected : In the following example, LAST_VALUE function does not return the name of the highest paid employee. This is because we have not specified an explicit value for ROWS or RANGE clause. As a result it is using it's default value RANGE BETWEEN UNBOUNDED PRECEDING AND CURRENT ROW. SELECT Name, Gender, Salary, LAST_VALUE(Name) OVER (ORDER BY Salary) AS LastValue FROM Employees LAST_VALUE function working as expected : In the following example, LAST_VALUE function returns the name of the highest paid employee as expected. Notice we have set an explicit value for ROWS or RANGE clause to ROWS BETWEEN UNBOUNDED PRECEDING AND UNBOUNDED FOLLOWING This tells the LAST_VALUE function that it's window starts at the first row and ends at the last row in the result set. SELECT Name, Gender, Salary, LAST_VALUE(Name) OVER (ORDER BY Salary ROWS BETWEEN UNBOUNDED PRECEDING AND UNBOUNDED FOLLOWING) AS LastValue FROM Employees LAST_VALUE function example with partitions : In the following example, LAST_VALUE function returns the name of the highest paid employee from the respective partition. SELECT Name, Gender, Salary, LAST_VALUE(Name) OVER (PARTITION BY Gender ORDER BY Salary ROWS BETWEEN UNBOUNDED PRECEDING AND UNBOUNDED FOLLOWING) AS LastValue FROM Employees Text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/10/lastvalue-function-in-sql-server.html Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/10/lastvalue-function-in-sql-server_9.html All SQL Server Text Articles http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/free-sql-server-video-tutorials-for.html All SQL Server Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/sql-server.html Full SQL Server Course https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL4cyC4G0M1RQ_Rm52cQ4CcOJ_T_HXeMB4 All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in English https://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists?view=1&sort=dd All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in Arabic https://www.youtube.com/c/KudvenkatArabic/playlists
Views: 36319 kudvenkat
PL/SQL tutorial 38: Introduction to PL/SQL functions in Oracle Database
 
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PL/SQL tutorial for beginners Introduction to PL/SQL functions in Oracle Database by Manish Sharma ------------------------------------------------------------------------ ►►►LINKS◄◄◄ Blog : http://bit.ly/introduction-to-plsql-function Previous Tutorial ► Blocks in Oracle Database https://youtu.be/rbarR4_gaH8 ► ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►►►Let's Get Free Uber Cab◄◄◄ Use Referral Code UberRebellionRider and get $20 free for your first ride. ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►Make sure you SUBSCRIBE and be the 1st one to see my videos! ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ►►►Find me on Social Media◄◄◄ Follow What I am up to as it happens on https://twitter.com/rebellionrider https://www.facebook.com/imthebhardwaj http://instagram.com/rebellionrider https://plus.google.com/+Rebellionrider http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ http://rebellionrider.tumblr.com/ http://www.pinterest.com/rebellionrider/ ___Facebook Official Page___ https://www.facebook.com/RebellionRider.official/ You can also Email me at for E-mail address please check About section Please please LIKE and SHARE my videos it makes me happy. Thanks for liking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com ♥ I LOVE ALL, MY VIEWERS AND SUBSCRIBERS
Views: 53516 Manish Sharma
Efficient Function Calls From SQL (Part 3) : PL/SQL Function Result Cache
 
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The third part of a mini-series of videos showing how you can improve the performance of function calls from SQL. In this episode, we take a look at the Cross-Session PL/SQL Function Result Cache introduced in Oracle 11g. For more information see: https://oracle-base.com/articles/misc/efficient-function-calls-from-sql#oracle-11g-caching https://oracle-base.com/articles/11g/cross-session-plsql-function-result-cache-11gr1 Website: https://oracle-base.com Blog: https://oracle-base.com/blog Twitter: https://twitter.com/oraclebase Cameo by Auckland Oracle DBAs Meetup : Website: http://www.meetup.com/Auckland-Oracle-DBAs-Meetup/ Sponsors: - DBvisit: http://www.dbvisit.com/ - Datacom: http://www.datacom.co.nz/ - Oracle New Zealand: http://www.oracle.com/ - Pythian: http://www.pythian.com/ - Enterprise IT: http://www.enterpriseit.co.nz/ Cameo appearances are for fun, not an endorsement of the content of this video.
Views: 3223 ORACLE-BASE.com
Efficient Function Calls From SQL (Part 5) : Pipelined Table Functions
 
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The fifth part of a mini-series of videos showing how you can improve the performance of function calls from SQL. In this episode, we compare the performance of conventions table functions with pipelined table functions. For more information see: https://oracle-base.com/articles/misc/pipelined-table-functions https://oracle-base.com/articles/misc/efficient-function-calls-from-sql Website: https://oracle-base.com Blog: https://oracle-base.com/blog Twitter: https://twitter.com/oraclebase Cameo by Mike Dietrich : Blog: https://blogs.oracle.com/UPGRADE Twitter: https://twitter.com/MikeDietrichDE Cameo appearances are for fun, not an endorsement of the content of this video.
Views: 12549 ORACLE-BASE.com
SQL Distinct and Multiple Columns
 
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Jamie King of Neumont University showing how SQL DISTINCT varies when multiple columns are present in the result set.
Views: 21526 Jamie King
FUNCTIONS IN ORACLE PL/SQL (basic to advance examples)
 
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This video is to understand how to create an oracle pl/sql function, the video demonstrates the use of in, out and in out parameter types. The video also explains on how to call a function from a pl/sql block and from a select statement.
Views: 4715 Kishan Mashru
PL/SQL:NVL/NVL2/Coalesce function
 
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In this tutorial, you'll learn the difference between NVL,NVL2 &Coalesce functions PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 5202 radhikaravikumar
Oracle Database11g tutorials 12 || SQL Concat Function - SQL character manipulation function
 
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Link for SQL concat function: http://www.rebellionrider.com/SQL-concat-function.htm SQL Concat function/SQL concat() function First function of SQL character manipulation function. Two have in depth knowledge of SQL concatenation operator Please watch my video on SQL concatenation Operator http://youtu.be/PYMeFe72Bas Tool used in this tutorial is command prompt. This tutorial series is part of SQL expert exam certification training. if you are preparing for SQL certification you can use my tutorials. This SQL Tutorial is a part of free training. Copy Cloud referral link || Use this link to join copy cloud and get 20GB of free storage https://copy.com?r=j7eYO7 Link for SQL function introduction Video 10 http://youtu.be/5rx8Q4x4-qI Link SQL concat Article http://www.rebellionrider.com/SQL-concat-function.htm Contacts E-Mail [email protected] Twitter https://twitter.com/rebellionrider Instagram http://instagram.com/rebellionrider Facebook. https://www.facebook.com/imthebhardwaj Linkedin. in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ Thanks for linking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- SQL Concat () function is a Character manipulation function which is a category of SQL character function. We have already discussed the intro of SQL character function in Video 10. You can find link of this video in description below. Ok let's go ahead. SQL Concat () function concatenates two separate character string into one character string. Let's see the syntax Concat (string_1 , String_2) Note here that SQL Concat function takes only two arguments at a time. This SQL Concat function will return string_1 concatenated with string_2. This also means that it will return a single string which is a combined string of parameter String_1 and String_2. Both the parameters of SQL Concat function String_1 and string_2 can be of any data-type. You can even specify the columns of the table here. SQL Concat function is equivalent to the concatenation operator (||). SQL concatenation operator is represented by double solid vertical bars or we can say double pipe signs. Question: How to concatenate more than two strings as SQL Concat that can have only 2 parameters and what is the difference between SQL Concat Function and SQL concatenation operator? The one answer for the second Question What is the Difference between SQL Concat Function and SQL concatenation operator? Is While SQL Concat function takes only two parameters, The Concat operator can be repeated as often as is necessary. Meaning, by the help of SQL Concat operator you can combine as many strings as you want. And Concatenation operator is also not supported by several databases such as SQL server so this might cause problem. To answer the first question How to concatenate more than two strings as SQL Concat that can have only 2 parameters? We will have to jump over SQL developer. Let's see some examples. Say we want to retrieve the full name of an employee from Employees table. Let's try it using SQL Concat function. SELECT Concat (first_name, last_name) AS "Full Name" FROM employees; Here in this query we use two column names - first_name and last_name as arguments of our Concat function Execute. As you can see here, we get full name of our employee but there is no space in between first name and last name. We will see how to format this string using SQL Concat function in a few seconds But before that, let's see how to do the same task using SQL concatenation operator. SELECT first_name ||last_name AS "Full name" FROM employees; As you can see this query also produces the same result. Now we will see how to format full name of employees First we will do this using SQL concatenation Operator. SELECT first_name||' '||last_name AS "Full name" FROM employees; Now you can see we get space between first name and last name of the employee. Again, let's do it using SQL Concat function. Here we will see the nested function concept where we will be using nested Concat function to achieve this formatted string. SELECT Concat (Concat (first_name, ' '), last_name) FROM employees; Inner Concat function has two parameters. These are our first column name first_name and an empty string which will be a space between first name and second name. This Concat will now return a string which is the first name with space. This returning string will be the first input of our Outer Concat and column last_name will be the second input. All together this will give us the desired output. As you can see this method is complex than the first one where we use SQL concatenation operator.
Views: 81301 Manish Sharma
Java Methods Return Statements - Value Returning Method Tutorial - Learn to Code - Appficial
 
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A return statement allows a method to return a value. In order to return a value, you need to specify the return type in the method definition (with matching data types). The return statement is the last statement that will be executed in a method. It is usually found at the end of the method body. You can have multiple return statements but only one will execute. A return type of void means that the method does not return a value
Views: 438 Appficial
Stored Procedures in PL/SQL | Oracle PL/SQL Tutorial Videos | Mr.Vijay Kumar
 
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Stored Procedures:- A Stored Procedure is also a Named PL/SQL block the accepts some input in the form of parameters and performs some task and many or many not returns a value Procedures are created to perform one or more dml operations over database.
Views: 61722 Naresh i Technologies
Oracle sql Interview Question : How to change rows to column
 
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This video tutorial talks about the frequently asked oracle sql interview question of changing rows to the column. Based on the given scenario, we are asked to change the presentation of data in a table with 3 rows and 2 column to 3 columns and 2 rows. Decode Function in oracle https://youtu.be/YUAjPMjqMws Pivot and unpivot in oracle https://youtu.be/6s0DI1YcWIM
Views: 19303 Kishan Mashru
Oracle PLSQL Functions
 
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A function is a named PL/SQL Block which is similar to a procedure. The major difference between a procedure and a function is, a function must always return a value, but a procedure may or may not return a value. Don't forget to Subscribe, Like & Comment!!! #Oracle #PLSQL
Views: 14 Faraz Shaykh
Get Started with Table Functions Module 1: Overview and Fundamentals
 
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This video is part of the Oracle Dev Gym class "Getting Started with Table Functions". This module offers an overview of table functions: what they are, how they work, and a simple example of a table function that returns a collection of scalar values. You can watch this video independent of the class, but then you miss out on the videos and quizzes. So we encourage you to go to the page below and register for the class! https://devgym.oracle.com/pls/apex/dg/class/getting-started-with-pl-sql-table-functions.html ======================================== Practically Perfect PL/SQL with Steven Feuerstein Copyright © 2018 Oracle and/or its affiliates. Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Other names may be registered trademarks of their respective owners. Oracle disclaims any warranties or representations as to the accuracy or completeness of this recording, demonstration, and/or written materials (the “Materials”). The Materials are provided “as is” without any warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including without limitation warranties or merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, and non-infringement.
PL/SQL tutorial 6: Bind Variable in PL/SQL By Manish Sharma RebellionRider.com
 
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Watch and learn what are bind variables in PL/SQL how to declare or create them using Variable command, Initialize them using Execute (exec)command and different ways of displaying current values of a bind variable for example using AutoPrint parameter. ------------------------------------------------------------------------ ►►►LINKS◄◄◄ Blog : http://bit.ly/bind-variable Previous Tutorial ► Constants in PL/SQL https://youtu.be/r1ypg7WH4GY ►User Variables :https://youtu.be/2MNmodawvnE ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►►►Let's Get Free Uber Cab◄◄◄ Use Referral Code UberRebellionRider and get $20 free for your first ride. ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►►►Help Me In Getting A Job◄◄◄ ►Help Me In Getting A Good Job By Connecting With Me on My LinkedIn and Endorsing My Skills. All My Contact Info is Down Below. You Can Also Refer Me To Your Company Thanks ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►Make sure you SUBSCRIBE and be the 1st one to see my videos! ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ►►►Find me on Social Media◄◄◄ Follow What I am up to as it happens on https://twitter.com/rebellionrider https://www.facebook.com/imthebhardwaj http://instagram.com/rebellionrider https://plus.google.com/+Rebellionrider http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ http://rebellionrider.tumblr.com/ http://www.pinterest.com/rebellionrider/ You can also Email me at for E-mail address please check About section Please please LIKE and SHARE my videos it makes me happy. Thanks for liking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com ♥ I LOVE ALL MY VIEWERS AND SUBSCRIBERS
Views: 102145 Manish Sharma
Oracle FROM_TZ Function
 
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https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-timezone-functions/ The Oracle FROM_TZ function is used to convert a value in a TIMESTAMP data type, and a specific TIME ZONE, to a TIMESTAMP WITH TIME ZONE value. It’s a helpful conversion function if you work with times and time zones a lot. The syntax of the FROM_TZ function is: FROM_TZ ( timestamp_value, timezone_value ) The parameters of this function are: - timestamp_value: the value in a TIMESTAMP format to convert. - timezone_value: this is the timezone value that the timestamp_value will be converted in to. If you want to know what values can be used as a timezone value, you can look in the database view here: SELECT * FROM v$timezone_names; For more information about the Oracle FROM_TZ function, including all of the SQL shown in this video and the examples, read the related article here: https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-timezone-functions/
Views: 102 Database Star
Efficient Function Calls From SQL (Part 2) : The DETERMINISTIC Hint
 
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The second part of a mini-series of videos showing how you can improve the performance of function calls from SQL. In this episode, we take a look at the DETERMINISTIC hint. For more information see: https://oracle-base.com/articles/misc/efficient-function-calls-from-sql#deterministic-hint Website: https://oracle-base.com Blog: https://oracle-base.com/blog Twitter: https://twitter.com/oraclebase Cameo by Dana Singleterry : Blog: https://blogs.oracle.com/dana/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/dsingleterry Cameo appearances are for fun, not an endorsement of the content of this video.
Views: 2514 ORACLE-BASE.com
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN PROCEDURE AND FUNCTION
 
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Function must return a value but in Stored Procedure it is optional. Even a procedure can return zero or n values. Functions can have only input parameters for it whereas Procedures can have input or output parameters . Functions can be called from Procedure whereas Procedures cannot be called from a Function. 1. Function is mainly used in the case where it must return a value. Where as a procedure may or may not return a value or may return more than one value using the OUT parameter. 2. Function can be called from SQL statements where as procedure can not be called from the sql statements 3. Functions are normally used for computations where as procedures are normally used for executing business logic. 4. You can have DML (insert,update, delete) statements in a function. But, you cannot call such a function in a SQL query. 5. Function returns 1 value only. Procedure can return multiple values (max 1024). 6.Stored Procedure: supports deferred name resolution. Example while writing a stored procedure that uses table named tabl1 and tabl2 etc..but actually not exists in database is allowed only in during creation but runtime throws error Function wont support deferred name resolution. 7.Stored procedure returns always integer value by default zero. where as function return type could be scalar or table or table values 8. Stored procedure is precompiled execution plan where as functions are not. 9.A procedure may modify an object where a function can only return a value The RETURN statement immediately completes the execution of a subprogram and returns control to the caller.
Views: 15 P T
ORACLE Analytic Functions for Data Warehousing 1/ Arabic
 
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ORACLE Analytic Functions for Data Warehousing 1/ Arabic --analytic functions allow developers to perform tasks in SQL that were previously confined to procedural languages. -- let's start by aggregate functions ( sum, avg, count,...) select * from EMPLOYEES; select avg(salary) from employees; select DEPARTMENT_ID, avg(salary) from employees group by DEPARTMENT_ID order by 1 /* Analytic functions also operate on subsets of rows, similar to aggregate functions in GROUP BY queries, but they do not reduce the number of rows returned by the query */ select avg(salary) from employees; select employee_id, first_name,salary,(select avg(salary) from employees) avg_sal from EMPLOYEES; --analytic_function([ arguments ]) OVER (analytic_clause) --The analytic_clause breaks down into the following optional elements. --[ query_partition_clause ] [ order_by_clause [ windowing_clause ] ] select employee_id, first_name,salary, avg(salary) over() avg_sal from EMPLOYEES; select employee_id, first_name,salary, avg(salary) over( order by EMPLOYEE_ID ) from EMPLOYEES; select DEPARTMENT_ID, avg(salary) from employees group by DEPARTMENT_ID order by 1 select employee_id, first_name,salary,DEPARTMENT_ID, avg(salary) over(PARTITION BY DEPARTMENT_ID) avg_sal_dept from EMPLOYEES; select employee_id, first_name,salary,DEPARTMENT_ID, avg(salary) over(PARTITION BY DEPARTMENT_ID order by employee_id ) from EMPLOYEES drop table concan_card; create table concan_card ( rec_serial number primary key, game_name varchar2(100), game_round number, player_name varchar2(100), game_round_score number ); insert into concan_card values(1,'GAME1',1,'ahmed', -60); insert into concan_card values(2,'GAME1',1,'khaled', 200); insert into concan_card values(3,'GAME1',1,'ali', 30); insert into concan_card values(4,'GAME1',2,'ahmed', 10); insert into concan_card values(5,'GAME1',2,'khaled', -30); insert into concan_card values(6,'GAME1',2,'ali', 100); insert into concan_card values(7,'GAME1',3,'ahmed', -30); insert into concan_card values(8,'GAME1',3,'khaled', 100); insert into concan_card values(9,'GAME1',3,'ali', 6); select * from concan_card select rec_serial,game_name ,game_round,player_name, game_round_score, sum(game_round_score) over ( PARTITION BY player_name order by player_name,game_round ) from concan_card select rec_serial,game_name ,game_round,player_name, game_round_score, sum(game_round_score) over ( PARTITION BY player_name order by rec_serial ) from concan_card select rec_serial,game_name ,game_round,player_name, game_round_score, sum(game_round_score) over ( PARTITION BY game_name,player_name order by rec_serial ) from concan_card insert into concan_card values(10,'GAME2',1,'ahmed', -60); insert into concan_card values(11,'GAME2',1,'khaled', 200); insert into concan_card values(12,'GAME2',1,'ali', 30); insert into concan_card values(13,'GAME2',2,'ahmed', 10); insert into concan_card values(14,'GAME2',2,'khaled', -30); insert into concan_card values(15,'GAME2',2,'ali', 100); insert into concan_card values(16,'GAME2',3,'ahmed', -30); insert into concan_card values(17,'GAME2',3,'khaled', 100); insert into concan_card values(18,'GAME2',3,'ali', 6); select rec_serial,game_name ,game_round,player_name, game_round_score, sum(game_round_score) over ( PARTITION BY player_name order by player_name,game_round ) from concan_card select rec_serial,game_name ,game_round,player_name, game_round_score, sum(game_round_score) over ( PARTITION BY player_name order by rec_serial ) from concan_card select rec_serial,game_name ,game_round,player_name, game_round_score, sum(game_round_score) over ( PARTITION BY game_name,player_name order by rec_serial ) from concan_card
Views: 5620 khaled alkhudari
SQL Tutorial 12 Advanced Subqueries returning multiple columns
 
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SQL Tutorial on Advanced Subqueries returning multiple columns Check out our website: http://www.telusko.com Follow Telusko on Twitter: https://twitter.com/navinreddy20 Follow on Facebook: Telusko : https://www.facebook.com/teluskolearnings Navin Reddy : https://www.facebook.com/navintelusko Follow Navin Reddy on Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/navinreddy20 Subscribe to our other channel: Navin Reddy : https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCxmkk8bMSOF-UBF43z-pdGQ?sub_confirmation=1 Telusko Hindi : https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCitzw4ROeTVGRRLnCPws-cw?sub_confirmation=1
Views: 71790 Telusko
How to Parse XML in Oracle
 
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This Video Shows 1. How to Read and parse XML in Oracle using EXTRACTVALUE and XMLTABLE. 2. When to use extractvalue and XMLTable. 3. Brief Introduction to XMLPATH
Views: 15243 yrrhelp
CTS interview questions on Oracle SQL and PLSQL
 
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Here are the CTS interview questions on SQL and PLSQL. PL/SQL: What are the activities are you doing daily in your project? Tell me ratio's of sql, pl/sql & Unix? Diff b/w primary key & unique key + not null? What is the use of views? If table dropped, then what happen view? What is index? types of indexes? Which functions are not supported to index? What is save point? What is ora-1555? What are the data types available in pl/sql, not in sql? What is the main use of %type,%rowtype? What is cursor? Types of cursors? Diff b/w explicit cursor & for loop cursor? What is exception? Types of exceptions? What is raise_application_error? How many LONG columns are allowed in a table? What cursor type do you use to retrieve multiple record sets? What is normalization ? What is an index and types of indexes. How many number of indexes can be used per table ? how can we find the select statement is indexed or not? What are wait events. Describe the wait event tables. How do u count no of rows in a table? When do we create bitmap indexes sql query to get zero records from a table having n no of records function can return multiple value? how give give sample coding Difference between NVL, NVL2 and NULLIF Name Salary Abc 50000 Abc 50000 xyz 20000, find the max salary using aggregate function? What are the Diff B/W Cursor and REF Cursor What is pragma_exception_init? Diff b/w triggers & procedures? Can you call procedure in select statement? Restrictions in functions? What is the use of packages? How to drop package body only? Can use pragma_autonamous_tranctions in packages? What is bulk collect? What is nullif()? What is mutating error?  What are the module's , you are working Which will fire default first statement level or row level trigger? What is bulk collect? And any restrictions in bulk collect? What is the use of limit clause in bulk collect? How to debug your code? How to trace error handling? How to find which line error was raised? What are the methods there in save exceptions? What is functional based index? Write syntax? In my next video i will be providing you the answers for each on of this questions. For HCL interview question : https://youtu.be/Pf0lRerwF5U For Global Analytics interview questions : https://youtu.be/joRTF8ZhVwg Please subscribe to my channel here for more videos on recent interview questions of MNC companies. https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCofhGV_j_4cVGa9R08MsuXQ thanks to my subscribers !!
Views: 16041 Oracle PL/SQL
Debugging Oracle PL/SQL code with ORACLE SQL DEVELOPER tool
 
15:04
Want to know how to debug procedures on Oracle sql developer 3.0? Well the you are at the correct place, we have worked out this simple tutorial to help you guys use this cool feature of debugging on Oracle sql developer tool. You can debug your procedures, functions, packages easly with the steps mentioned in the video.
Views: 8586 Kishan Mashru
Why My Vlookup Function Does Not Work?
 
06:04
Business Scenario: fix the common errors we see in applying Vlookup function for data analysis This video summarizes 4 common errors in the "vlookup" function: 1. Not using absolute cell reference 2. Vlookup numbers as text 3. Vlookup numbers that are not equal 4. Vlookup text that are not equal -~-~~-~~~-~~-~- Please watch: "How to create a Merit Matrix for Salary Increase with Goal Seek function" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6ZRixDI8Zws -~-~~-~~~-~~-~- ******Follow-up Consulting Services****** If you have specific question regarding your issue, you can email me at the email here https://goo.gl/WejijZ Note that there will be a fee of US$50 charged for solving your issue. The turnaround is within 24 hours. Any follow-up issue in 3 days will also be answered with no charge. Payment link: https://www.paypal.me/caripros ******More Videos in Playlists****** Excel for HR https://goo.gl/JdeVnd Excel for HR - Master Class https://goo.gl/LYfq2f Excel Macro - Beginner https://goo.gl/Yae5nc Excel Macro/VBA - Splitting a Master File https://goo.gl/m8CHya Excel Charts Data Visualization https://goo.gl/2ao6BP Excel Vlookup Function https://goo.gl/kP2Wpz Excel Pivot Table Function https://goo.gl/rukkPs Excel Array Function https://goo.gl/i4sQH8 Excel Index and Match Function https://goo.gl/i7VGU4 Excel Solver/Goal Seek Functions https://goo.gl/FTkTnj Excel Cell Formatting Solutions https://goo.gl/gpa6MY HR Analytics - Merit Matrix https://goo.gl/Koy7co HR Analytics - Salary Structure https://goo.gl/uZBnFa Excel Tricks https://goo.gl/TeqGDw Excel Troubleshooting https://goo.gl/bdY5by Fun HR Topics https://goo.gl/7zVg8h For more successful stories, view at: http://caripros.com/index.php/success-stories/ ******Tools I use for this channel****** Channel management: https://www.tubebuddy.com/HRAnalytics "I Love Spreadsheets" Mug: https://amzn.to/2D0bYmL #ExcelforHR#HRAnalytics#Excel#HR
Views: 17454 Caripros HR Analytics
PL/SQL: Mutating Triggers Part-1
 
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In this tutorial, you'll learn... PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 25346 radhikaravikumar
Oracle : Stored Procedure with Input and Output Parameters
 
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Java Source Code here: http://ramj2ee.blogspot.com/2015/07/oracle-stored-procedure-with-input-and.html Oracle : Stored Procedure with Input and Output Parameters JavaEE Tutorials and Sample code - Click here : http://ramj2ee.blogspot.in/
Views: 40494 Ram N
Getting Ref Cursor output as CSV
 
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A quick video in response to an AskTOM question on how to get ref cursor output as CSV. At the time this video was made, SQL Developer does not do it natively, but a simple wrapper function will let you get the output in a format that you can easily cut-paste into Excel or similar tool. blog: https://connor-mcdonald.com twitter: https://twitter.com/connor_mc_d Subscribe for new tech videos every week All other social media channels here: https://linktr.ee/connor My current favorite Oracle stuff: - Favorite 12.2 feature: Almost all structural maintenance can be done online. No more outages. https://docs.oracle.com/en/database/oracle/oracle-database/12.2/newft/new-features.html#GUID-BEEEA34D-3D81-4360-887C-A92BC711816D - Favorite 18c feature: Killing a runaway SQL without killing the entire session. https://docs.oracle.com/en/database/oracle/oracle-database/18/newft/new-features.html#GUID-49F77A8D-CF54-415C-B04F-DB4CE733C513 - Favorite 19c feature: Handling JSON just got a lot easier! https://docs.oracle.com/en/database/oracle/oracle-database/19/newft/new-features.html#GUID-9587F5B4-871B-401A-8978-BDA491F07F8A https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCVN7PnJnuKQ65QLmWjFvhiw?sub_confirmation=1 #oracle #sql #refcursor
Views: 434 Connor McDonald
Excel Magic Trick 1349: Power Query with Input Variables from Excel Sheet to Extract Records
 
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Download File: http://people.highline.edu/mgirvin/excelisfun.htm See how to use Power Query (Get & Transform) with Input Variables from Excel Sheet to Extract Records and create a Revenue Report. Here are the steps: 1. (00:15) Introduction including Preview of Finished Solution and Preview of steps necessary to accomplish this goal. 2. (02:00) Import and transform Data Set, including removing Columns, Filter For Records and adding an extra Column to calculate Net Revenue using the Number.Round Power Query Function. 3. (06:38) Load Report to Sheet 4. (07:09) Import each Parameter/Criteria Table. 5. (07:36) Convert each Criteria Table to a single Text Item using the Record.Field Power Query Function. 6. (11:38) Declare and Insert Variables into M Code for Report 7. (14:10) Test Reporting System 8. (14:30) Create Recorded Macro To Refresh All and assign it to a Form button 9. (16:40) Test Macro and Reporting System 10. (17:25) Summary
Views: 87679 ExcelIsFun
Excel 2010 VBA Tutorial 33 - Returning Values with a Function
 
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How to make a function that will return a value to the calling function Website and Forum: http://yourprogrammingnetwork.co.uk - Please direct any questions you have here.
Views: 35452 YourProgrammingNetwork
Oracle LOWER Function
 
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https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-upper-lower/ The Oracle LOWER function is used to convert a string to a lowercase value. It’s useful for comparing text or string values that may have mixed case, such as user input or data from different tables. The opposite of the LOWER function is the UPPER function (which converts to upper case). The syntax of LOWER is: LOWER(input_string) The input_string is the string value to convert to a lower case value. It can be any of CHAR, VARCHAR2, NCHAR, NVARCHAR2, CLOB, or NCLOB. The return type is the same as the input type. You can use the LOWER function in a WHERE clause. However, unless you have a function-based index on the column, any indexes won’t be used. For example, if you have an index on first_name, a query that uses “WHERE LOWER(first_name)” won’t use this index. You’ll have to create an index on the LOWER(first_name) for this to be used. It’s not required, but it’s just something to keep in mind. For more information about the Oracle LOWER function, including all of the SQL shown in this video and the examples, read the related article here: https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-upper-lower/
Views: 62 Database Star
PL/SQL tutorial 41: How To Create PL/SQL Stored Procedure Without Parameters in Oracle Database
 
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RebellionRider.com present you the PL/SQL Tutorial 41 on How To Create PL/SQL Stored Procedure Without Parameters in Oracle Database By Manish Sharma ------------------------------------------------------------------------ ►►►LINKS◄◄◄ Blog : http://bit.ly/create-procedure-1 Previous Tutorial ► PL/SQL Blocks: https://youtu.be/rbarR4_gaH8 ► Introduction To Stored Procedures: https://youtu.be/buaSuEMi4lw ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►►►Let's Get Free Uber Cab◄◄◄ Use Referral Code UberRebellionRider and get $20 free for your first ride. ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►Make sure you SUBSCRIBE and be the 1st one to see my videos! ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ►►►Find me on Social Media◄◄◄ Follow What I am up to as it happens on https://twitter.com/rebellionrider https://www.facebook.com/imthebhardwaj http://instagram.com/rebellionrider https://plus.google.com/+Rebellionrider http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ http://rebellionrider.tumblr.com/ http://www.pinterest.com/rebellionrider/ ___Facebook Official Page___ https://www.facebook.com/RebellionRider.official/ You can also Email me at for E-mail address please check the "About" section Please please LIKE and SHARE my videos it makes me happy. Thanks for liking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com ♥ I LOVE ALL MY VIEWERS AND SUBSCRIBERS
Views: 45883 Manish Sharma
Tutorial : Report with Dynamic Query.
 
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The videos is about a very important and powerful feature of oracle apex. The video shows how to create a report with dynamically generated SQL query.
Views: 8822 Oracle Testlab
Learn Oracle | How to use Functions in PL SQL
 
04:21
Pebbles present, Learn Oracle 10g with Step By Step Video Tutorials. Learn Oracle 10g Tutorial series contains the following videos : Learn Oracle - History of Oracle Learn Oracle - What is Oracle - Why do we need Oracle Learn Oracle - What is a Database Learn Oracle - What is Grid Computing Learn Oracle - What is Normalization Learn Oracle - What is ORDBMS Learn Oracle - What is RDBMS Learn Oracle - Alias Names, Concatenation, Distinct Keyword Learn Oracle - Controlling and Managing User Access (Data Control Language) Learn Oracle - Introduction to SQL Learn Oracle - Oracle 10g New Data Types Learn Oracle - How to Alter a Table using SQL Learn Oracle - How to Create a Package in PL SQL Learn Oracle - How to Create a Report in SQL Plus Learn Oracle - How to Create a Table using SQL - Not Null, Unique Key, Primary Key Learn Oracle - How to Create a Table using SQL Learn Oracle - How to Create a Trigger in PL SQL Learn Oracle - How to Delete Data from a Table using SQL Learn Oracle - How to Drop and Truncate a Table using SQL Learn Oracle - How to Insert Data in a Table using SQL Learn Oracle - How to open ISQL Plus for the first time Learn Oracle - How to Open SQL Plus for the First Time Learn Oracle - How to Update a Table using SQL Learn Oracle - How to use Aggregate Functions in SQL Learn Oracle - How to use Functions in PL SQL Learn Oracle - How to use Group By, Having Clause in SQL Learn Oracle - How to Use Joins, Cross Join, Cartesian Product in SQL Learn Oracle - How to use Outer Joins (Left, Right, Full) in SQL Learn Oracle - How to use the Character Functions, Date Functions in SQL Learn Oracle - How to use the Merge Statement in SQL Learn Oracle - How to use the ORDER BY Clause with the Select Statement Learn Oracle - How to use the SELECT Statement Learn Oracle - How to use the Transactional Control Statements in SQL Learn Oracle - How to use PL SQL Learn Oracle - Data Types in PL SQL Learn Oracle - Exception Handling in PL SQL Learn Oracle - PL SQL Conditional Logics Learn Oracle - PL SQL Cursor Types - Explicit Cursor, Implicit Cursor Learn Oracle - PL SQL Loops Learn Oracle - Procedure Creation in PL SQL Learn Oracle - Select Statement with WHERE Cause Learn Oracle - SQL Operators and their Precedence Learn Oracle - Using Case Function, Decode Function in SQL Learn Oracle - Using Logical Operators in the WHERE Clause of the Select Statement Learn Oracle - Using Rollup Function, Cube Function Learn Oracle - Using Set Operators in SQL Learn Oracle - What are the Different SQL Data Types Learn Oracle - What are the different types of Databases Visit Pebbles Official Website - http://www.pebbles.in Subscribe to our Channel – https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCNNjWVsQqaMYccY044vtHJw?sub_confirmation=1 Engage with us on Facebook at https://www.facebook.com/PebblesChennai Please Like, Share, Comment & Subscribe
Views: 123 Pebbles Tutorials
SQL: Group By,  Having, Min, Max Sum
 
14:43
Learn to summarize yoru data using the SQL Aggregates such as count and sum and the GROUP BY and HAVING clauses of the SELECT statement
Views: 158955 Michael Fudge
PART-2 (Oracle Functions) Oracle PL SQL Training - Fast Track Series
 
26:20
Topic 2: Functions in PL SQL. In oracle there are two types of functions available. 1. Oracle Supplied Function (Built in Functions) Scaler Functions a) String Functions Length, instr, substr, rtrim, ltrim, lower, upper, concat, replace sqlplus sanket/patel SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.2.0 Production on Tue Feb 14 11:38:56 2017 Copyright (c) 1982, 2010, Oracle. All rights reserved. Connected to: Oracle Database 11g Express Edition Release 11.2.0.2.0 - Production SQL# SQL# select length('sanket') from dual; LENGTH('SANKET') ---------------- 6 SQL# select instr('sanket','n') from dual; INSTR('SANKET','N') ------------------- 3 SQL# select substr('sanket',1,3) from dual; SUB --- san SQL# select ltrim(' sanket ') from dual; LTRIM('S -------- sanket SQL# select rtrim(' sanket ') from dual; RTRIM('S -------- sanket SQL# select trim(' sanket ') from dual; TRIM(' ------ sanket SQL# select lower('SanKet') from dual; LOWER( ------ sanket SQL# select upper('SanKet') from dual; UPPER( ------ SANKET SQL# select concat('sanket','patel') from dual; CONCAT('SAN ----------- sanketpatel SQL# SQL# select replace('patel','e','i') from dual; REPLA ----- patil SQL# b) Date Functions Sysdate, add_months, extract, last_day, next_day, months_between c) Numeric Functions Trunc, ceil, round d) Oracle Type Cast or Conversion Functions To_char, to_date, to_number e) Null functions Nvl, Nvl2 Aggregate Functions Count,min,max,sum 2. User Defined Functions (PL SQL) CREATE [OR REPLACE] FUNCTION function_name [ (parameter [,parameter]) ] RETURN return_datatype IS | AS [declaration_section] BEGIN executable_section [EXCEPTION exception_section] END [function_name]; Characteristics of Functions • Function must returns some value • Function can be called from select statement • Function support all three types of parameters available in oracle like IN, OUT and IN OUT parameters. Types of Parameters: IN Parameter: We can’t overwrite value of such kind of parameters. It is used to pass reference values to program and utilized it within the programs or sub-programs or other standalone programs. OUT Parameter: We can overwrite value of such kind of parameters. It is not useful to pass reference values to program and utilized it within the programs or sub-programs or other standalone programs but output value must need to be hold by calling program. IN OUT Parameter: We can overwrite value as well as pass reference value to program or sub-programs or other standalone programs but output value must need to be hold by calling program. EXAMPLES: --FUNCTION WITH OUT PARAMETER CREATE OR REPLACE FUNCTION GET_DATE_HH24TIME RETURN VARCHAR2 IS HH24DATE_TIME VARCHAR2(20); BEGIN HH24DATE_TIME := TO_CHAR(SYSDATE,'DD/MM/YYYY HH24:MI:SS'); RETURN HH24DATE_TIME; END; / --FUNCTION WITH PARAMETER CREATE OR REPLACE FUNCTION GET_P_DATE_HH24TIME (P_HH24DATE_TIME IN DATE) RETURN VARCHAR2 IS HH24DATE_TIME VARCHAR2(20); BEGIN HH24DATE_TIME := TO_CHAR(P_HH24DATE_TIME,'DD/MM/YYYY HH24:MI:SS'); RETURN HH24DATE_TIME; END; / SELECT GET_P_DATE_HH24TIME(SYSDATE) FROM DUAL; Drop Functions: We can drop function from the database. DROP FUNCTION GET_P_DATE_HH24TIME; SQL# SELECT OBJECT_NAME FROM USER_OBJECTS WHERE OBJECT_TYPE = 'FUNCTION'; OBJECT_NAME --------------------------------------------------------------------------GET_DATE_HH24TIME GET_P_DATE_HH24TIME DROP FUNCTION GET_DATE_HH24TIME;
Views: 4741 Sanket Patel
Oracle LTRIM Function
 
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https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-trim/ The Oracle LTRIM function allows you to remove a specific character from the left side of a string. It’s one of the most commonly used string manipulation functions in SQL, in my experience. The “L” in “LTRIM” stands for “left”. It’s often used to remove spaces from the left of a string. However it can be used to remove other characters, such as leading characters from URLs. The syntax for the LTRIM function is: LTRIM(input_string, [trim_character]) The input_string is the text you want to remove characters from. It can be any kind of expression, such as a specific text value or a column. The trim_character is the character you want to remove from the left of the string. It’s an optional parameter, and if you don’t specify it, then a space character is used by the function. The parameters can be any type of string. The function will return either a VARCHAR2 or a LOB data type, depending on the type of data you specify in the parameters. You can specify more than one value for the trim_character, and the LTRIM function will remove both characters from the left of the string. The function is similar to the RTRIM value, where RTRIM removes characters from the right of the string. For more information on the LTRIM function, including the SQL used in this video, read the related article here: https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-trim/
Views: 134 Database Star
Return multiple values in C programming by pointers
 
06:03
By using pointers we swap the two numbers and returned to main function.
Views: 935 Not Null Tutorials
PL/SQL: Ref Cursors
 
09:28
In this tutorial, you'll learn what is ref cursors. PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 28388 radhikaravikumar
Learn Oracle | How to use the SELECT Statement
 
04:02
Pebbles present, Learn Oracle 10g with Step By Step Video Tutorials. Learn Oracle 10g Tutorial series contains the following videos : Learn Oracle - History of Oracle Learn Oracle - What is Oracle - Why do we need Oracle Learn Oracle - What is a Database Learn Oracle - What is Grid Computing Learn Oracle - What is Normalization Learn Oracle - What is ORDBMS Learn Oracle - What is RDBMS Learn Oracle - Alias Names, Concatenation, Distinct Keyword Learn Oracle - Controlling and Managing User Access (Data Control Language) Learn Oracle - Introduction to SQL Learn Oracle - Oracle 10g New Data Types Learn Oracle - How to Alter a Table using SQL Learn Oracle - How to Create a Package in PL SQL Learn Oracle - How to Create a Report in SQL Plus Learn Oracle - How to Create a Table using SQL - Not Null, Unique Key, Primary Key Learn Oracle - How to Create a Table using SQL Learn Oracle - How to Create a Trigger in PL SQL Learn Oracle - How to Delete Data from a Table using SQL Learn Oracle - How to Drop and Truncate a Table using SQL Learn Oracle - How to Insert Data in a Table using SQL Learn Oracle - How to open ISQL Plus for the first time Learn Oracle - How to Open SQL Plus for the First Time Learn Oracle - How to Update a Table using SQL Learn Oracle - How to use Aggregate Functions in SQL Learn Oracle - How to use Functions in PL SQL Learn Oracle - How to use Group By, Having Clause in SQL Learn Oracle - How to Use Joins, Cross Join, Cartesian Product in SQL Learn Oracle - How to use Outer Joins (Left, Right, Full) in SQL Learn Oracle - How to use the Character Functions, Date Functions in SQL Learn Oracle - How to use the Merge Statement in SQL Learn Oracle - How to use the ORDER BY Clause with the Select Statement Learn Oracle - How to use the SELECT Statement Learn Oracle - How to use the Transactional Control Statements in SQL Learn Oracle - How to use PL SQL Learn Oracle - Data Types in PL SQL Learn Oracle - Exception Handling in PL SQL Learn Oracle - PL SQL Conditional Logics Learn Oracle - PL SQL Cursor Types - Explicit Cursor, Implicit Cursor Learn Oracle - PL SQL Loops Learn Oracle - Procedure Creation in PL SQL Learn Oracle - Select Statement with WHERE Cause Learn Oracle - SQL Operators and their Precedence Learn Oracle - Using Case Function, Decode Function in SQL Learn Oracle - Using Logical Operators in the WHERE Clause of the Select Statement Learn Oracle - Using Rollup Function, Cube Function Learn Oracle - Using Set Operators in SQL Learn Oracle - What are the Different SQL Data Types Learn Oracle - What are the different types of Databases Visit Pebbles Official Website - http://www.pebbles.in Subscribe to our Channel – https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCNNjWVsQqaMYccY044vtHJw?sub_confirmation=1 Engage with us on Facebook at https://www.facebook.com/PebblesChennai Please Like, Share, Comment & Subscribe
Views: 101 Pebbles Tutorials
PL/SQL: Brief on Associative Arrays
 
10:52
In this tutorial, you'll learn the points to be noted on AA PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 6973 radhikaravikumar
authentication login
 
35:04
custom authentication login in oracle apex 5.1 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- create table companies( userid varchar2(50), password_ varchar2(50), company_name varchar2(120) not null, logo blob, constraint companies_pk primary key(userid,password_)); ------------------------------------------------- insert into companies(userid,password_,company_name) values ('wael','wael123','ibdis'); insert into companies(userid,password_,company_name) values ('ali','alil123','zaitoons'); ------------------------------ function my_authentication ( p_username in varchar2, p_password in varchar2 ) return boolean is l_user companies.userid%type := upper(p_username); l_pwd companies.password_%type; begin select userid , password_ into l_user, l_pwd from companies where upper(userid) = upper(l_user) and upper(password_)=upper(p_password); return true; exception when NO_DATA_FOUND then return false; end;
Views: 3187 Wael Albetar
Oracle SQL PLSQL 12C Tutorial 18 - Computation / Functions Part 2
 
08:38
This video describes the various computation methods that can be done on table data and values. This includes arithmetic operators, renaming columns, logical operators, NOT operator, range searching, pattern matching, Oracle functions, string functions, numeric functions, a conversion function, date function. It includes the following functions that include, MAX, SUM, ABS, POWER, ROUND, SQRT, LOWER, INITCAP, UPPER, SUBSTR, LENGTH, LTRIM, RTRIM, LPAD, RPAD ETC. All the commands explained with syntax and example.
Call Stored Procedure with multiple parameters from Excel
 
05:16
Call Stored Procedure with multiple parameters or different parameter values from Excel SYNTAX: {CALL uspGetManagerEmployees (?)} My SQL Blog: https://sqlwithmanoj.com/ Check my SQL FB Page at: https://www.facebook.com/sqlwithmanoj
Views: 13655 SQL with Manoj
How to retrieve data from database and Display in JSP Page?
 
08:16
In this video tutorial you will learn How to retrieve data from database and Display in JSP Page? Get the source code from http://www.roseindia.net/jsp/how-to-retrieve-data-from-database-in-jsp.shtml
Views: 74047 roseindiatutorials
Learn Oracle | How to Create a Package in PL SQL
 
07:54
Pebbles present, Learn Oracle 10g with Step By Step Video Tutorials. Learn Oracle 10g Tutorial series contains the following videos : Learn Oracle - History of Oracle Learn Oracle - What is Oracle - Why do we need Oracle Learn Oracle - What is a Database Learn Oracle - What is Grid Computing Learn Oracle - What is Normalization Learn Oracle - What is ORDBMS Learn Oracle - What is RDBMS Learn Oracle - Alias Names, Concatenation, Distinct Keyword Learn Oracle - Controlling and Managing User Access (Data Control Language) Learn Oracle - Introduction to SQL Learn Oracle - Oracle 10g New Data Types Learn Oracle - How to Alter a Table using SQL Learn Oracle - How to Create a Package in PL SQL Learn Oracle - How to Create a Report in SQL Plus Learn Oracle - How to Create a Table using SQL - Not Null, Unique Key, Primary Key Learn Oracle - How to Create a Table using SQL Learn Oracle - How to Create a Trigger in PL SQL Learn Oracle - How to Delete Data from a Table using SQL Learn Oracle - How to Drop and Truncate a Table using SQL Learn Oracle - How to Insert Data in a Table using SQL Learn Oracle - How to open ISQL Plus for the first time Learn Oracle - How to Open SQL Plus for the First Time Learn Oracle - How to Update a Table using SQL Learn Oracle - How to use Aggregate Functions in SQL Learn Oracle - How to use Functions in PL SQL Learn Oracle - How to use Group By, Having Clause in SQL Learn Oracle - How to Use Joins, Cross Join, Cartesian Product in SQL Learn Oracle - How to use Outer Joins (Left, Right, Full) in SQL Learn Oracle - How to use the Character Functions, Date Functions in SQL Learn Oracle - How to use the Merge Statement in SQL Learn Oracle - How to use the ORDER BY Clause with the Select Statement Learn Oracle - How to use the SELECT Statement Learn Oracle - How to use the Transactional Control Statements in SQL Learn Oracle - How to use PL SQL Learn Oracle - Data Types in PL SQL Learn Oracle - Exception Handling in PL SQL Learn Oracle - PL SQL Conditional Logics Learn Oracle - PL SQL Cursor Types - Explicit Cursor, Implicit Cursor Learn Oracle - PL SQL Loops Learn Oracle - Procedure Creation in PL SQL Learn Oracle - Select Statement with WHERE Cause Learn Oracle - SQL Operators and their Precedence Learn Oracle - Using Case Function, Decode Function in SQL Learn Oracle - Using Logical Operators in the WHERE Clause of the Select Statement Learn Oracle - Using Rollup Function, Cube Function Learn Oracle - Using Set Operators in SQL Learn Oracle - What are the Different SQL Data Types Learn Oracle - What are the different types of Databases Visit Pebbles Official Website - http://www.pebbles.in Subscribe to our Channel – https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCNNjWVsQqaMYccY044vtHJw?sub_confirmation=1 Engage with us on Facebook at https://www.facebook.com/PebblesChennai Please Like, Share, Comment & Subscribe
Views: 2639 Pebbles Tutorials
Group Function 02 Oracle
 
01:04:18
Having Clause, Group Function, Group By Clause
Views: 101 Data Science Center