Plato's Story of Atlantis
In 360 BC, the famous Greek philosopher Plato wrote about a battle between his city Athens and a great empire named Atlantis. He described this war, which ended when Atlantis disappeared in the ocean due to "violent earthquakes and floods," in two of his books: "Timaeus" and "Critias" (https://sites.google.com/site/11000vchr/plato-s-kritias).
According to Plato, all this happened 9,000 years before his time which would be at least 9,400 BC, some 12,400 years ago. Intriguingly, this also corresponds to the period when the geological age of the Younger Dryas suddenly ended with an abrupt warming of more than 10°C in only a few years. This event marked the beginning of the Holocene, the era in which we are still living today.
Sea levels must have risen rapidly and dramatically, and as a result entire civilizations, if any existed, would have disappeared under water. It's still unclear what caused the extreme climate change that ended the Younger Dryas around 9,700 BC, although some evidence seems to point to solar activity.
Whether Atlantis really existed is hard to say. In that time, sealevels were at least 80 to 100 meters lower than today. Therefore, if there were any archeological evidence, one would have to look deep in the bottom of the sea, but nothing has been found sofar.
Plato's main concern was probably with illustrating his political views rather than being historically accurate. He was very much opposed to Athen's new democracy and held the opinion that it would inevitably lead to dictatorship and tyranny. Indeed, Atlantis owed its greatness, according to Plato, to the oligarchy that happened to govern the city-empire exactly the way he propagated in his work “The Republic.” Moreover, only the first 20 pages of Plato's narrative have been preserved.
It remains remarkable though, how Plato's story reflects climatic events and other facts of which he could not have had any direct knowledge. For instance, he explains how in ancient times, the higher and less fertile areas were inhabited by primitive pastoral peoples, while the more advanced civilizations lived in the coastal regions, which is why they could escape the catastrophic rise in sea levels that struck the coastal regions and destroyed everything that lived there. Plato tells us that only the Egyptian culture was saved from this due to its special location further inland in the Nile valley.
Other intriguing issues, such as the frequent use of “orichalcum” in Atlantis, are mentioned in the “Critias” as well. This mysterious metal is very reminiscent of tumbaga, an alloy of gold and copper in varying proportions which was much used by the Inca and other peoples in the New World. This, however, became known only 2,000 years later after Columbus discovered America.
Plato wasn't the first to mention Atlantis as it is often believed. In Herodotus' time, the sea outside Gibraltar was on occasion called the Atlantis Sea. In the Great Hall of the temple of Ramses at Karnak a column shows a depiction of a great festival, along with an accompanying text memorializing “the loss of a drowned continent in the Western Ocean.” Plato described Atlantis as being ruled by ten kings and Egyptian king-lists going back thousands of years before Plato also talk of ten god-kings called “Atlanteans.”
The Sanskrit writings of ancient India contain several descriptions of Atlantis, and even assert that Atlantis was destroyed as the result of a war between the gods and Asuras (giant and sometimes demonic creatures). The Vishnu Purana, one of the oldest of the Hindu Puranas, speaks of "Atala, the White Island," one of the seven islands belonging to Patala. The Mahabharata also refers to "Atala, the White Island," which is described as an "island of great splendour."
Megalithic structures like the Sphynx in Egypt, Göbekli Tepe in Turkey and maybe even Yonaguni in Japan that were build more than 10.000 years ago, point to the existence of advanced cultures in ancient times. But wether Atlantis is more than just a myth, and where it was located, remains a mystery.
Created in 2002 by Graham Hancock. In 2015 he published his latest sequel ‘Magicians of the Gods’: https://youtu.be/KcPgIphDWGY