Kazan Tatars / Volga Tatars. Kazan Tatar song "Tuhan yak". Republic of Tatarstan of Russian Federation. Music and culture of Kazan Tatars. Tatarstan is one the most powerful republics of Russia with the great degree of autonomy. Kazan Tatars, formerly known as Bulgars (Bulghars) speak Turkic language of Qipchak group, very similiar to Crimean Tatar (spoken in south Ukraine), Nogai (ancient Cumans of south Ukraine and of Hungarian puszta / Kunsag province), Turkish, Kazakh, Bashqir, Azeri, Uzbek. Unlike Turks, Tatars use Cyrillic script. Most of Volga Tatars are Moslems but many are Orthodox Christians. Kazan Tatars consists of 2 groups: Mishars and Teptiars. Modern Kazan Tatars are great mixture of peoples (ancient Bulgars & Qipchaq Turks (East Kazakh Tatars & north Kazakh Madiars). Ancient Bulgars spoke Oghur Turkic (Chuvash) language (not Oghuz as now). Oghuz Turkic language was imposed on Bulgars during invasion of Qipchaq (Tatars & Madiars (all from Kazakhstan) were among them) hordes. So in a way, neighboring Chuvash are more Bulgars, at least lingistically. Important: The Chuvash still refer to Kazan Tatarstan as "Suas" El (Land of Suas). Su-as (Water Asses) - Asses (Jass, As) are selfname of Alans & Sarmatians (Ossetians, Alan Jasses (Jasz/ Jaszok) of Hungary, extinct Burtas (Burt-as / beehive asses) of Volga). All these were Sarmatian (Alan / Scythian) tribes who spoke N. Eastern Iranian language (close to extinct Sogdian, Yaghnobi, Avestan). Thats why some Bulgars have pure Iranic looks (like Alsu, famous Kazan Tatar singer, pop star in Russia). Oghuz tribe / Qipchaq (Kazakh) tribe of Madiars picked up Ugrians on the way during their migraion. Madiars with Ugrians settled Pannonia (Hungary). Bulgars of Bulgaria and Macedonia come from Old Bulgaria (Ukraine) not from Kazan Volga. Kazan Bulgars moved to north also from Old Bulgaria (Ukraine). Grave of Great Bulgar king Kubrat is in Ukraine (in Poltava region). Kubrat was of Dulo clan that was Scythian / Sarmatian (Iranian) royal line.
As a nation, Kazan Tatars are a great mixture of peoples (they say the very name "Bulgar" means "mixed") and officially consist of two major subgroups:
1-st subgroup of Volga Tatars: western Mishars (Mazhars-Meshchera) - remnants of turko-ugric Magyars (Magyars were originally Turkic tribe from north Kazakhstan who mixed with Ugrians coming from northerly Perm region). These Mishars also absorbed a number of local warlike scytho-sarmatian Burtasses (Beehive Alans / Ossetians) and Suasses (River Alans / Ossetians) who lived along Volga basin - that's why they have a lot of paternal R1a group. The dominant were Turkic (Qipchak) speaking Magyar tribe (Magyar tribe of north Kazkahstan are quite mongoloid) and their language is a modern western Tatar (Mishar) dialect. 80% of Tatars who live in Moscow are mainly Mishars. Mishars also have some admixture from Volga Finns (Mordvin related tribe) evident in birch weaven artefacts.
2-nd subgroup of Volga Tatars: Teptiars / eastern Kazan Tatars (Bulgars proper) who are the dominant group. It is believed that Bulgars were originally also a Scytho-Sarmatian tribe, later tatarized / turcosized. Thats why many Tatars have pure European look and paternal R1a goup (Tatar women clothing is very similiar to Gilakis of north Iran and Lemkos of Ukraine, all of same scytho-sarmatian stock), while others have mongoloid features (from invading Ugrian & Turco-Magyar tribes in 8th cen., and later again 12th cen from powerful Mongol invasion who formed Golden Horde centered on Volga.
Modern Russia (originally Muscovite tsardom) is often regarded as successor of Golden horde politically. But ethnically and genetically just Russians of Ivanovo and Ryazan regions (historic Meshchera, original home of Mishar Tatars) are related to Mishar Tatars (and Hungarians themselves, having the most similar genetic Slavic-Mishar pool).
Modern Hungary, however was inhabited by Slavic tribes (Great Moravia) before arrival of turco-ugrian Magyars (Mazhars) from Volga, these Pannonian Slavs never moved but became part of Hungarian nation. Thats why they look European.
Similiar case was in Bulgaria where Volga Bulgars settled too mixing with Slavs and adopting their language. Otherwise said -original Bulgarians are related to eastern Tatars (Bulgars), while original Hungarians are related to western Tatars (Mishars / Mozhars).
Ukrainians too absorbed much of Qipchak culture by assimilating Torks (bearers of Ukrainian last name Torchenko are clear mongoloids) and many Cumans (much evident in cossack culture) related tribes of Qipchak tongue, as Ukrainian Crimean Tatars speak same Qipchak tongue as Kazan Tatars).
Paternal genetics: Tatars have haplogroups I, J2, G and plenty of R1a (Scytho-Sarmatian / East Slavic) and even L.
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